Since 1990, Darfur has lost one-third of its forest cover, with desertification reducing living standards and contributing to intense competition for resources. Women frequently walk over three hours to collect wood, increasing their risk of rape and other forms of violence. Addressing these problems, Lifeline launched its first humanitarian stove project in Darfur in mid-2006 with the aim of slowing deforestation, building the capacity of local women and reducing their exposure to gender-based violence. Over the next two years, Lifeline produced 16,000 fuel efficient stoves and provided training in stove construction and usage to women in IDP camps in El Fasher, Kabkeybia, Tawila, Shengal Tobayi and El Geneina.